HARARE, (The Southern African Times) – Zimbabwe lifted its main lending rate to 40% from 35% previously on Thursday in a bid to reduce excess liquidity and control speculation in its foreign currency market, the central bank said.
Severe foreign currency shortages have been the clearest sign of an economic crisis that has sparked intermittent shortages of fuel, power and medicines and seen prices soar in the southern African nation.
“The decision on interest rates takes into account the current liquidity conditions in the market and the need to continue controlling speculative borrowing,” The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe said in a statement.
The bank said it was optimistic that its economic growth target of 7.4% for 2021 was attainable. It said it aimed keep inflation below 10% in the year.
Zimbabwe recorded consumer inflation of 362% year-on-year in December 2020, with monthly price-growth of 5.43%.
The introduction of a new 50 dollar note was on track, it added.
The country has long struggled with severe currency depreciation. It reintroduced the Zimbabwe dollar in 2019 after a decade of dollarisation, but the move failed to end severe cash shortages. Instead, it pushed up inflation and fuelled a thriving parallel currency market.
The bank said the introduction of a foreign currency auction system in June last year had helped to stabilise the parallel exchange rate premium and reduced it to a “tolerable” band of up to 20%.